smallscale gold articles

Deforestation and forest regeneration following small-scale

May 10, 2002 · Downstream Effects of Erosion from Small-Scale Gold Mining on the Instream Habitat and Fish Community of a Small Neotropical Rainforest Stream. Conservation Biology, Vol. 18, Issue. 1, p. 201. Conservation Biology, Vol. 18, Issue. 1, p. 201.

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Research Article Nexus between Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold

Research Article Nexus between Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining and Livelihood in Prestea Mining Region, Ghana FrancisArthur, 1 WilliamsAgyemang-Duah, 1 RazakMohammedGyasi, 1,2 JosephYawYeboah, 1 andEvansOtieku 3 Department of Geography and Rural Development, Faculty of Social Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology

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Mercury Pollution from Small-Scale Gold Mining Can Be

The mercury-free gravity-borax method for gold extraction was introduced in two mining communities using mercury in the provinces Kalinga and Camarines Norte. This article describes project activities and quantitative changes in mercury consumption and analyzes the implementation with diffusion of innovations theory.

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A comparison of licensed and un-licensed artisanal and

Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) represents one of the most hazardous work environments. While formalization of this sector has been suggested (e.g., Minamata Convention) as a means to improve working conditions, we are unaware of empirical evidence that supports this notion. This study aimed to compare sociodemographic profiles, work profiles, and injury rates among miners working

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Comparing the self-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL

2020/7/29 · The role of artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) as a source of income is rapidly gaining importance in the economically difficult times in Zimbabwe. Besides limited epidemiological data, no data about the self-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of artisanal and small-scale gold miners exist. The aim of the project was to access HRQoL of ASGM workers to improve the data

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Small-scale Gold Mining Act, 1989 - ASGM Research Group

Small-scale Gold Mining Act, 1989 P.N.D.C.L. 218 Miscellaneous Provisions 16. Licence to buy and deal in gold Without prejudice to an enactment empowering a person or body to purchase and deal in gold the Minister may in consultation with the Minerals

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An Estimation of the Artisanal Small-Scale Production of Gold in

The increase in gold price of over 400% between 2002 and 2012, due to a shift towards safe investments in a period of crisis in the global economy, created a rapid increase in gold production. A response to this shift in production was observed for artisanal and small

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Small-scale mining for gold has produced long-lasting toxic

May 28, 2020 · Small-scale mining for gold has produced long-lasting toxic pollution, from 1860s California to modern Peru. by Jacqueline Gerson, Austin Wadle and Jasmine Parham, The Conversation

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REDUCING MERCURY USE IN ARTISANAL SMALL-SCALE GOLD MINING

ARTISANAL SMALL-SCALE GOLD MINING SECTOR (ASGM) LACK OF ACCESS TO FINANCE Investors view the sector as high risk Establish inventory of the sector Establish strategy for formalizing the sector Set targets for reducing mercury pollution gold

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Lifting the lid on Ghana's illegal small-scale mining problem

Sep 25, 2019 · Small-scale gold mining in what is modern day Ghana can be traced as far back as the 15th century.It continues to be an important means of livelihood for many relatively low-income Ghanaians and

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The burden of chronic mercury intoxication in artisanal small

Dec 13, 2014 · Background Artisanal small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is a poverty-driven activity practiced in over 70 countries worldwide. Zimbabwe is amongst the top ten countries using large quantities of mercury to extract gold from ore. This analysis was performed to check data availability and derive a preliminary estimate of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to mercury use in ASGM in Zimbabwe

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Injury rate and risk factors among small-scale gold miners in

Oct 24, 2019 · Background To determine the potential risk factors for injury, estimate the annual injury rate and examine the safety perceptions, and use of personal protective equipment among small-scale gold miners in Ghana. Methods A cross-sectional survey was carried out with 494 small-scale gold miners from four major mining districts in Ghana. A household-based approach was used to obtain a

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Health in Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining

Mercury is used in Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining (ASGM) to capture gold. This mercury is silver colored and is a heavy liquid. It is often sold in plastic bags or small bottles. Mercury releases toxic vapors. These vapors are invisible and odorless. Mercury

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Frontiers | The Clinical Importance of the Mercury Problem in Artisanal Small-Scale Gold Mining | Public Health - Frontiers | Peer Reviewed Articles

Among small-scale gold miners, renal abnormalities have been expressed in the form of elevated serum creatinine, reduced eGFR and increased proteinuria (). This was in line with a recent study which reported a significant association of mercury exposure with reduced eGFR, and elevated urine protein among ASGMs in Ghana ( 19 ).

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Impacts of Artisanal Small-Scale Gold Mining on Water Quality of

1 Impacts of Artisanal Small-Scale Gold Mining on Water Quality of a Tropical River (Surow River, Ghana) Karunia Macdonald, Mark Lund and Melanie Blanchette Mine Water and Environment Research Centre, Edith Cowan University, Australia ABSTRACT Rivers in

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Injury Risk Factors in a Small-Scale Gold Mining Community in

Occupational injury is one of many health concerns related to small-scale gold mining (ASGM), but few data exist on the subject, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2011 and 2013, we examined accidents, injuries, and potential risk factors in a Ghanaian ASGM community. In 2011, 173 participants were surveyed on occupational history and health, and 22 of these were surveyed again in 2013

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Participatory Analysis of Small-Scale Artisanal Gold Mining

Small-scale artisanal mining, MAPE (for its initials in Spanish), presents significant challenges and opportunities that must be analyzed systemically. To carry out the analysis, this paper proposes the PAIIO methodology (Participation, Actors, Impact, Idealized design, Opportunities), based on the Russell Ackoff Interactive Planning methodology. This proposed methodology propounds four steps

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Current Mercury Exposure from Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold

1. Introduction. The artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) industry can be defined as the informal mining activities by individuals, groups, families, or cooperatives that use cheap technologies to search for, extract, and process gold ore [1,2].

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A comparison of factors affecting the small-scale distribution of mercury from artisanal small-scale gold

Artisanal small-scale gold mining (ASGM) operations use mercury liberally in the gold extraction process and account for approximately one quarter of the anthropogenic mercury consumption worldwide. ASGM activities are concentrated in many impoverished and poorly regulated countries such as Zimbabwe, resulting in a number of negative impacts to health and the environment.

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Environmental Impacts of Mining: A Study of Mining

Mineral exploitation contributes significantly to economic growth and development in most world economies. In Africa, Ghana is the second largest gold producer, contributing to about 5.7% of the country’s GDP. The mining sector in Ghana consists of both small-scale and large-scale mining, each of which has varying environmental impacts. This paper provides an exposition on the environmental

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A population-based mercury exposure assessment near an

Article; Published: 28 May 2020 A population-based mercury exposure assessment near an artisanal and small-scale gold mining site in the Peruvian Amazon. Caren Weinhouse 1 na1,

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Injuries among Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Miners in Ghana

Sep 02, 2015 · The small-scale gold mining sector provides employment for a large proportion of otherwise unemployed individuals in Ghana. Thus, small-scale gold mining is of tremendous economic importance in Ghana, and many other developing countries, especially in places where alternative livelihoods are limited, though a number of public health hazards

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A comparison of licensed and un-licensed artisanal and small-scale gold

2017/11/6 · BACKGROUND: Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) represents one of the most hazardous work environments. While formalization of this sector has been suggested (e.g., Minamata Convention) as a means to improve working conditions, we are unaware of empirical evidence that supports this notion.

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Small-scale gold mining and the COVID-19 pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic exposes both conflict and cooperation in artisanal and small-scale gold mining in the Brazilian Amazon. Reporting on the experiences of artisanal and small-scale gold miners (garimpeiros, in Brazilian Portuguese), we show how, on the one hand, the pandemic challenges an already precarious working system that could lead garimpeiros, often invisible to public policies, to

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Deforestation Due to Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining

Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is a significant contributor of mercury (Hg) contamination and deforestation across the globe. In the Colorado River watershed in Madre de Dios, Peru, mining and deforestation have increased exponentially since the

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Impacts of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining (ASGM) on

Mercury concentrations in the environment (river sediments and fish) and in the hair of artisanal gold miners and inhabitants of the Gorontalo Utara Regency were determined in order to understand the status of contamination, sources and their impacts on human health. Mercury concentrations in the sediments along the Wubudu and Anggrek rivers are already above the tolerable level declared safe

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Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Senegal: Livelihoods

In Sub-Saharan Africa, efforts to formalize the artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) sector under legal frameworks and to improve its environmental and health practices have largely failed as a result of top-down policy measures that make change complicated and burdensome for low-resource miners.

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Uganda’s gold boom leaves small-scale miners behind

Jul 19, 2019 · A small-scale gold processing centre [Alice McCool/Al Jazeera] “We hoped that we would go back to the mines, but in the meantime, we wanted to take care of each other,” says Namatovu.

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Artisanal and small-scale gold mining and health

ARTISANAL AND SMALL-SCALE GOLD MINING AND HEALTH 2 1.1 SCOPE AND PURPOSE An early version of this report served as a background document for a WHO technical consultation on artisanal and small-scale gold mining and health, which took place on 1-2 October 2014 in Geneva, Switzerland. The overarching goals of this meeting were to:

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A comparison of licensed and un-licensed artisanal and small

Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) represents one of the most hazardous work environments. While formalization of this sector has been suggested (e.g., Minamata Convention) as a means to improve working conditions, we are unaware of empirical evidence that supports this notion. This study aimed to compare sociodemographic profiles, work profiles, and injury rates among miners working

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Knowledge of and Adherence to the Cyanide Code Among Small-scale Gold

Background. Tanzania has seen explosive development in small scale gold mining (SGM) operations. Recently, the use of cyanide has become more common in SGM, especially in the reprocessing of mercury-amalgamated tailings from artisanal mining sites.

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Health-related quality of life (EQ-5D + C) among people living in artisanal and small-scale gold

2020/9/7 · Background In Zimbabwe, an estimated 500,000 people work in the sector of artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM). Two million Zimbabweans are dependent on this sector. Using mercury is common to extract gold from ore. Long term exposure to mercury can cause various adverse health conditions including chronic mercury intoxication. The influence of these adverse health effects on the

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Small-scale mining in Ghana: The government and the galamsey

The paper concludes that political leniency and law enforcement corruption has resulted in a booming small-scale gold system under poor government control. The paper recommends that politicians move to enact reforms to regularize the small-scale mining sector and curtail ubiquitous environmental and occupational safety problems.

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Golden Opportunities? The Socio-economic Footprint of

By: Brigitte Simone Gerstmann (Guest Writer) As an international endeavour to protect human health and the environment from anthropogenic mercury emissions, the Minamata Convention was signed on October 10, 2013 in Kumamoto, Japan, dedicating Article 7 exclusively to artisanal and small-scale gold mining-a practice carried out in more than 70 countries by 10-15 million people, including []

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Mercury Exposure and Health Impacts among Individuals in

Background: Mercury (Hg) is used in gold mining to extract gold from ore by forming "amalgam"—a mixture composed of approximately equal parts mercury and gold. Approximately 15 million people, including approximately 3 million women and children, participate in artisanal small-scale gold mining (ASGM) in developing countries.

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